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  • Thesis

  • Authors: Shaner, Nathan Christopher (2006)

  • Fluorescent proteins are intrinsically fluorescent, genetically encodable tags that can be expressed in many heterologous organisms. Originally cloned from jellyfish and corals, these proteins and their engineered derivatives have become ubiquitous tools in molecular and cell biology. While wild-type fluorescent proteins sometimes possess sufficiently beneficial properties to be used unmodified, many applications require improvements in brightness or photostability, reduction of oligomerization, or other specific properties that require additional engineering of the wild-type protein. This dissertation presents experiments drawn from the entire spectrum of fluorescent protein science, from the cloning of novel wild-type fluorescent proteins to the engineering of wavelength-shifted, ...