The influence of citizen participation on local government performance : the case of Vietnam
The purpose of this study is to identify and develop a better understanding of the influence of citizen participation on local government performance in Vietnam in terms of democratic governance. It provides an overview of the evolution of citizen participation at the local level and performance of local governments in Vietnam. Additionally, this study also finds out attributes that are crucial for enhancing citizen participation and the performance of local governments in Vietnam. Finally, this study examines whether citizen participation affects performance of the local governments in Vietnam or not. This study is the first research in Vietnam that employs panel data analysis with REMs to explore the effect of citizen participation on performance of government at the provincial level with four different aspects including economic, institutional, political and administrative. We target all provinces and municipalities from 2012 to 2017, covering 58 provinces and 5 municipalities (Ha Noi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong, Da Nang and Can Tho). This study uses the secondary data from four data sources, including The Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI), the Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI), the Public Administration Reform Index (PARI), and the General Statistics Office of 63 provinces of Vietnam from 2012 to 2017. This study has some major conclusions, including: (1) citizen participation at the local level has mixed effects on institutional, administrative and political performances; and has no significant effect on economic performance. In particular, citizen participation is positively associated with institutional and political performances, but is negatively associated with individual province’s administrative performance; (2) The efficiency of government spending/per capita, the disparities between the majority of Kinh people and ethnic minorities, and the regional differences between the North and the South, all of these factors influence the level of citizen participation at the local level and local government performance in Vietnam.